Four years prior to the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, a report called Toward Independence was issued by the National Council on Disability (NCD), based in Washington D.C. The Council is comprised of roughly a dozen council members, and led and supported by an Executive Director, legislative and administrative support staff. The NCD is an independent federal agency charged with advising the President, Congress, and other federal agencies regarding policies, programs, practices, and procedures that affect people with disabilities.
As described on its website, the NCD works to fulfill its mission by NCD fulfills its advisory roles regarding disability policies, programs, procedures, and practices that enhance equal opportunity by:
Convening stakeholders to acquire timely and relevant input for recommendations and action steps
Gathering and analyzing data and other information
Engaging and influencing current debates and agendas
Identifying and formulating solutions to emerging and long-standing challenges; and
Providing tools to facilitate effective implementation